Surviving World War III
The Second World War, which lasted from 1939 until 1945, touched virtually every continent. The two sides in this far-reaching conflagration were the Axis powers (major nations Germany, Italy, and Japan) and the Allies (major nations France, Great Britain, the U.S., the Soviet Union, and, to a lesser extent, China). In many ways, this great conflict picked up where World War I had left off 20 years earlier. Between 40 and 50 million people died, which makes World War II the bloodiest war in human history. Together, the two World Wars represent many great 20th-century turning points. As a result of these upheavals, the Soviet Union extended its power into Eastern Europe, the foundation was laid for a powerful Chinese Communist movement, and world power shifted away from Western Europe towards the U.S. and U.S.S.R.
Players who loved the long World War II campaigns in Steel Panthers I are in for a treat. That option has been added to SP WAW, along with the normal campaign generator and the user-defined campaign editor. The Long Campaign allows players to pick one of six armies, and use it in scenarios that begin when that nation first entered the war (1941 for the U.S., for example) and continue until the end of the war. As with the normal campaign, players choose a core force that is upgraded throughout the campaign. At the beginning of each scenario, players decide which theater of war they want to fight in (Europe versus Pacific for Americans, for example), so forces may shift back and forth between theaters throughout the campaign. Units may now be exchanged in the editor or upgraded in campaigns to the new unit types in SP WAW, such as paratroopers or elite infantry.
In the 1990s nuclear missile production was scaled down and many arsenals were scrapped, thus getting rid of nuclear weapons that we now could have used against the alien invasion. It has been proposed that some of the hundreds of thousands of missiles that had been dismantled could be salvaged and used to destroy UFOs as they enter our planet's atmosphere. A United Nations committee will meet later this
After you insert the Aces of World War I CD-ROM into your CD-ROM drive the game should install automatically on your hard drive. If there are any problems with running the automatic installation, click Start and Run , choose Browse and select install.exe from the CD-ROM drive, then click OK . Follow the on-screen installation instructions. To run Aces of WWI, choose Start Programs StrefaCD Aces of World War I from the Start menu or click on the desktop shortcut. You can also run asy.exe program file directly from C Program Files StrefaCD Aces of World War I (default location). The game starts in the settings window.
At the beginning of World War II the Germans had 56 submarines to Britain's 57. But while the German U-boats had thousands of freighters as targets, the British submarines could not attack German food supplies which arrived by rail, not sea. During World War II, British submarines joined forces with refugee submarines from all over Europe and ventured as far as Iceland and Norway in search of U-boats. Norwegian freighters carrying iron ore for Germany were raided by Allied subs but German dive bombers and mines hampered operations in these waters. A Royal Navy T Class submarine. Fifty three of these submarines formed the backbone of the Royal Navy submarine fleet during World War II. A Royal Navy T Class submarine. Fifty three of these submarines formed the backbone of the Royal Navy submarine fleet during World War II. The Japanese had more than just midget subs, however. The main Japanese submarines were known to the Allies as 'I-boats', and their design was heavily influenced by...
In the Single Player campaigns, you play as an Allied soldier deep in the thick of some of the fiercest combat of the Second World War. The success of your squad, the completion of your mission and even your very survival depends on how well you move, how well you shoot and, perhaps most importantly, how well you keep your wits about you.
If you're a Hearts of Iron II vet, then you'll find that HoI2 - Doomsday is based on the same engine but with an extended timeline that now extends to 1953. New features include an expanded technology tree that allows construction of helicopter squads, escort carriers and tactical nuclear weapons a whole new game element of spying and espionage a hypothetical World War III campaign and several new or revised scenarios a comprehensive scenario editor and much, much, much, much, much more
In the Single Player campaigns of the game, you are an Allied soldier in some of the fiercest combat of the Second World War. The success of your mission, ond your very survival, will depend on how well you move, shoot, and perhaps most importantly, how well you work with your squad mates. To start a Single Player game, select Call of Duty 2 Single Player from the Call of Duly 2 folder contained in the Programs section of the Windows Start Menu. Alternatively, you can click the PLAY button on the Autorun Menu after inserting your Call of Duly 2 disc in the drive.
When you left-click on the Indirect Fire Menu button, or press the B key, the Indirect Fire menu appears. Every unit that can be assigned to perform an Indirect Fire mission is listed here alpha-numerically. Left clicking on the unit name shifts the view on the Map Screen to the currently targeted hex of that unit. If the unit has no target selected, the view does not change. The availability of off board units is random. Radio communication was somewhat unreliable in the Second World War, and batteries often responded to calls for fire from a number of customers. Batteries onboard are
The Squad Select Series is a player organized event that simulates the large-scale battles fought between opposing Air Forces during The Second World War. Awards and cumulative scoring allow each player to track their career and squad exploits over many events. Events are multi-frame campaigns that promote historical flying and plane match-ups. Sides are not always even nor have comparible aircraft, it is often luck and determined flying that wins the day.
By the end of World War II, most of the major combatants had come to realise the importance of the principle of combined arms. Every class of unit had a task it excelled at, and often required the support of another class of unit to prevail, or even survive. In Panzer General 3D Assault, there is no perfect mix of units. What works best depends on how your units, leaders and equipment, function within the tactics and strategy that you have chosen. It is difficult to go very wrong by adhering to the combined arms principle, however. Successful combined arms use involves using the right tool and leader for the task. Probe a position with a Reconnaissance unit to get an idea of what you are facing, and where the enemy is deployed. Use Artillery and Bombers to soften up the position before it is assaulted, and keep a reserve to exploit a breakthrough, or hold on to a hard won position in the face of an enemy counterattack The following Unit Class descriptions should help you become a...
The Red Army started the war with the Maxim as the standard heavy machine gun. Based on a World War I design, it had a slow rate of fire, but it discharged a heavy slug with good muzzle velocity. The Goryunov was a more modern design that improved the rate of fire without reducing firepower. Both types were cumbersome to move and time-consuming to set up.
In addition, the game comes with several pre-designed campaigns, each of which is a series of linked scenarios. And if that wasn't enough, SP WAW features a campaign generator system, that allows you fight campaigns that stretch from the opening salvoes of World War II until the conflict's bloody end. If a quick game is what you are after, use the battle generator to construct a quick game. Remember that scenarios must be edited to assign units to the desired sides before it can be played online.
The game box should contain this user's manual, a Slent Hunter CD-ROM, and a data card. This user's manual explains game controls and contains historical information about submarine warfare in the Pacific Theater during World War II. To install the game, please refer to the data card.
The United States won independence from Britain in 1782, but by the First World War the two nations were on friendly terms. The US sent materials to Britain and the Allies before finally committing to join the war in 1917. The Allies were victorious in 1918 and the United Stated emerged as a world power. At the start of the Second World War, the US again began sending huge amounts of materials overseas, but the attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941 brought America's armed forces into the conflict. Fighting a war on two fronts was a huge undertaking, so the US decided to concentrate on victory in Europe first. After the D-Day invasion in June 1944, the Allies on the western front steadily pushed all the way to Berlin. The war in Europe ended in May 1945. The power struggle between the US and the Soviets after WWII dominated the foreign policies of both countries - and virtually every nation on the globe - for the next four decades. Dubbed the Cold War, it was a time marked by...
Similarly, a well-organized force can defeat a larger but clumsier opponent. The Germans didn't have better tanks than their opponents at the beginning of World War II. But their tanks were equipped with radios, and their commanders were top-notch, which allowed them to make better use of what they had. The Allies suffered defeat after defeat until they, too, learned. Players will find that high quality, veteran troops will have the flexibility to carry out their missions even when events don't go according to plan on the battlefield. The SPWAW Command and Control system is not intended to be a realistic simulation of command in the Second World War, but it is intended to force a player to do three things
World War I seemed to demonstrate the superiority of defensive action. At that time, it was believed that a successful offensive required superior numbers of at least three to one. But by the end of that war, the emergence of two offensive tools - tanks and planes - began to change that thinking, at least to the Germans.
So, climb into the turret and take command. You make the decisions as you command individual tanks, guns and squads of infantry. Your battlefield is the era of World War II, from the Japanese invasion of China in 1930 to the hair-trigger standoff between Communism and the Free World in 1949. Choose from the forces of twenty-seven nations as you maneuver over a wide range of terrain, from the steppes of Russia to the island jungles of the Pacific.
The workhorse tank of World War II, more T-34s were produced than any other tank in any army. It had a rugged chassis and wide tracks that gave it excellent all-around mobility. Its engine was powerful and reliable the tank itself easy to operate and maintain. Sloped armor provided maximum protection while reducing weight. The 76.2mm gun was powerful enough to destroy any early-war German tank. This tank was refined throughout the war and inspired the Germans to design and build the Panther.
Great Britain, known officially as the United Kingdom, entered the 20th Century as a major world power. Industrialisation and several wars during the 19th Century had resulted a strong military - including the world's most powerful navy - and a bustling British economy. As with most nations, Britain assumed the First World War would be over in short order, but the fighting raged for four long years.
The Soviets under Joseph Stalin signed a non-aggression pact with Germany on the eve of World War II, but the treaty didn't last Hitler ordered the invasion of Russia and the Soviet Union in 1941. After some of the fiercest fighting of the entire war, the Red Army pushed the invaders all the way back into Germany and took Berlin in 1945. After the war, the Soviets were given control of East Germany and East Berlin. In 1949, the USSR shocked many in the West by successfully testing their own nuclear weapon, breaking the monopoly owned by the United States. The Cold War between East and West deepened, and did not let up for 40 years. The Soviets went on to launch the first earth-orbiting satellite, Sputnik, in 1957, and the first man in space, Yury Gagarin, in 1961.
The US now turned her full focus on Japan. An Invasion of the Japanese home Islands was sure to be costly on both sides, so the US made a fateful decision on August 6, an atomic bomb levelled the city of Hiroshima. Nagasaki followed three days later. Japan soon surrendered, and on September 2, 1945, World War II officially came to an end. With the Axis nations defeated and Europe still In disarray, the United States was the single most powerful nation In the world.
The following day a Marine Liberator flew from the Solomons to Truk and took the first photo-coverage of the great base since the Japanese had taken it over from the Germans after World War I. Perhaps more important than the photos was the warning given Admiral Koga that the Americans would soon attack major To further her reputation as a big game hunter, Skate, on her fifth patrol, sank the large Fubuki class destroyer Usugumo in the Okhotsk Sea. Then on her last patrol under the command of Commander Richard B. Lynch she penetrated the mine field protecting the Sea of Japan to sink the large submarine F122. Finally, to end her career, this famous ship became a target for both air and underwater nuclear weapon tests at Bikini in July 1946. Although surviving with extensive damage, this fine warship was later intentionally sunk off the California coast. ' The Simon and Schuster Encyclopedia of World War II.
You may perform a variety of diplomatic actions in Hearts of Iran. From declaring war to suing for peace, if the leaders of the Second World War could do it, so can you. To access the diplomatic actions click on the Diplomacy Screen icon button. It is the right-hand button in the bank of four buttons at the top right of the main screen. Once you have clicked on the button the map's provinces will color code to indicate their owner. Click on a province of a country you wish to interact with and the Diplomatic Actions Sub-menu will appear. Depending on the circumstances the following actions are available
The effects and implementation of a new technology will vary depending on the type of project and are far too numerous to list here. Some effects are instantaneous and require no direct action or IC allocation they will be implemented immediately and automatically while other projects may have few (or no) immediate effects and act more as stepping-stones along the road to a major new technological breakthrough. Many military advances will be improvements to existing technology and any units you have in the field will need to be upgraded to take advantage of the new benefits. There are many unit types and some prevince imprevements that will not be available until you have researched the prerequisite technologies. This includes specialised infantry units (mountaineers, marines, paratroopers, etc.), radar sites, nuclear weapons, and many of the heavier, larger or more advanced tank, aircraft and ship designs. You can check all of this by consulting the details of the advances in the...
Strategic Bombardment This attack mission targets strategic assets such as Industry, Manpower (terror bombing), and Fortifications. Only the AA level of the target province is relevant for the defense (unless the strategic bombing mission is intercepted). Not possible during Storm, Blizzard or Snowing. Not possible at night unless Night Bombing has been researched. This command is used to drop nuclear weapons.
Although technology and world culture progressed rapidly throughout the twentieth century, their advancements paled in comparison to the seemingly reckless leaps that would follow. By the end of the twenty-first century, mankind had seen bold and unprecedented changes within the world. Radical new technologies were surfacing at incredible rates, offering increased access to advanced computers and informational databases to even the most destitute nations of Earth. In the wake of the eradication of Communism from the Eastern Nations, nuclear weapons quickly became available in abundance. The international power structure, once defined primarily by the acquisition of capital and military superiority, was blasted apart as third-world nations rose to challenge the economic and military might of the world's super-powers.
The resulting war lasted ten years and was fought on all continents. The intelligence of the GOLAN system went up against the courage and experience of the ED leader. Employing some new tactics, the ED at first had the upper hand, until GOLAN calculated the right counter-measures. The battlefield was in a state of constant flux. For a while the ED Army occupied part of North America, until the UCS deployed units equipped with the most modern arsenal. By 2148 the ED was in full retreat before the UCS onslaught from the south. While crossing the North Pole towards Siberia the ED shot off nuclear weapons to stop the advancing UCS units. This turned out to be the turning point - but not as intended by the ED commanders who ordered the launch. The power of the explosions literally knocked the Earth out of its orbit.
In the year 2047, the long twilight struggle between the allied nations of the Global Defense Initiative (GDI) and the shadowy superpower known as The Brotherhood of Nod has flared into a planet-wide firestorm. Both factions fight over Tiberium, an enigmatic green crystal of alien origin that Is both the ultimate resource and the worst environmental disaster in history. The stakes couldn't be higher - whoever controls Tiberium decides the fate of humanity and the destiny of the planet Earth. But this violent global war between GDI and Nod is just the beginning. Humanity Is about to discover that it is not alone in the universe and that it is not the only race fighting for Tiberium.
The detonation of nuclear weapons or the meltdown of a Nuclear Power Plant can also cause contamination. For game purposes, Civilization II treats these threats identically to industrial pollution, though in real life their effects might be considerably longer term. Nuclear Weapons A Nuclear unit not only destroys the army or city it targets, but all units stacked with the target, and those in adjacent squares as well. It also pollutes a number of map squares around the impact square. Enemy units' zones of control (which are discussed under Movement Restrictions) might make it impossible for your Settlers or Engineer units to clean up this contamination in a timely fashion, and your rival might not spend the time or manpower. Unchecked pollution significantly raises the risk of a global warming disaster.
POPULATION The other main factor that contributes to pollution is the population of your cities. As cities become more populous, solid waste products, including organic and inorganic waste, accumulate in city streets, sewers, and landfills. As cities become more advanced and complex, and as commerce and services increase, people tend to create more waste per person than less advanced societies. Therefore, cities with greater populations create more pollution than less populous ones. NUCLEAR WARFARE The only other things that can create pollution in Call to Power II are nuclear weapons. Whether by launching a nuke unit or using a spy to plant a nuke in a city, the explosion devastates the area surrounding a city, reducing much of it to dead tiles. Nuclear weapons also contribute to global pollution, hastening the global warming process. All players should consider the far-reaching implications of nuclear war before they choose to wage it. A full-scale nuclear war could potentially...
Liberate a state that is a puppet, or if one of your national provinces is the subject of a nuclear attack. The only way to reduce public dissent is to allocate excess IC to the production of consumer goods, which also has the side benefit of generating additional cash for your national treasury. The rate of the decrease is determined by the extent of your over-allocation and by your domestic policies, and may be further modified by the capabilities of your cabinet ministers. If you have suffered an increase in dissent as a result of an enemy's nuclear attack, you can immediately eliminate this by launching a retaliatory nuclear strike of your own, perhaps because your population is now so utterly terrified about this escalation that they aren't vocal about it any longer. Note that initiating a nuclear war will not eliminate dissent caused by other actions.
There are five campaigns in Panzer General II Blitzkrieg, Defending the Reich, Crusade in the West as either the United States or Great Britain, and Onward to Berlin. Each campaign Is made up of several scenarios based on historic and conjectural battles from World War 11.
As if the world was not already facing enough threats to tear it apart, Iran became the newest member of the nuclear club. In response, within the next two weeks Israel detonated three test weapons of its own, including two launched from submarines. This was a clear message to the Iranian government that if it did launch a nuclear attack against Israel, it still would be unable to stop Israel's instant retaliation. Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD) was once again the only thing preventing a nuclear conflict. In response to these actions, Russia and China sent envoys to Iran and Israel, indicating that they would not tolerate the use of Nuclear Weapons under any circumstances, assuring both regions that they would immediately become involved. The US, on the other hand, only aimed its threat of retaliation at Iran.
Germany experimented with a hydrogen-peroxide engine during World War II, and the US and Britain continued with this research after the war. The hydrogen-peroxide engine did not need to breathe air, but the results from sea trials were not satisfactory. It was considered to be too dangerous, costly and inefficient to be used in service, so work began in the USA on an alternative. Work began on designing a submarine which would use this new powerplant. It needed to be fairly large, not only because the reactor was large, but also because the reactor needed to be fitted with a series of thick lead plates to shield the crew from the effects of radiation. In January 1954, the USA launched the world's first nuclear submarine, the USS Nautilus, named in recognition of both a distinguished sub of World War II and the fictional Nautilus from Jules Verne's visionary novel 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea. In 1958 the Nautilus became the first sub to navigate under the Arctic icecap, finding its...
Epoch World War I Type Warrior Manfred von Richthofen began his military career in the Prussian Cavalry. He fought in Russia early in the First World War, but got himself reassigned to the recently-formed German Air Force. In the Fall of 1915, after a few weeks of observation but little actual instruction, Richthofen flew his first solo flight and crash-landed. But in 1916 after just a month of flying in his new Albatros fighter, he tallied 6 victories and was well on his way to becoming the greatest flying ace of the war.
Let's get you up to speed. 100 years ago. a nuclear war totalled the planet, leaving only two groups of people alive. Of these people, half scuttled underground, avoiding radiation, and formed the Survivor army. The other half stayed on the surface, mutated like CRAZY, tamed some freaky beasts and called themselves The Evolved. In 2140, they fought for ownership of the surface, and another two splinter groups fled this war - cowardice or 'going for reinforcements' You be the judge. It's now 2179, and both groups have met on the surface to fight for it again, only to find a third army also wants some action. Those crazy kids
Japan - Troops very, very seldom retreat, route or surrender. In melee they make Banzai charges They also suffer a reduction in ammunition after 1941 and this reduction increases each year of the World War II. Their ammunition trucks suffer a similar penalty to that of the USMC.
And once you've got it all happening, then it's just a matter of building up your army and blowing everyone else to pieces. Unless, of course, you're allies. And there's really nothing stopping you from blowing them to pieces, either. Remember the Geneva Convention blew up along with Geneva over 100 years ago in the Great Nuclear War. Yeah.
The first of these events was the reign of terror carried out in the city of Cleveland by America's first modern serial killer. This cunning psychopath, known as the Torso Murderer, was linked to as many as twenty deaths. His victims were found dismembered in a stretch of industrial wasteland that cut through the heart of the city. He was never apprehended, despite the efforts of many of the day's top lawmen, including the famous Untouchable Eliot Ness. His activities mysteriously ceased just before the outbreak of the second world war, which, incidentally, is the second major historical event that plays a role in our story.
If a city is the target of a normal cruise missile attack, the city suffers a bombard attack. A nuclear missile attack destroys half the population, regardless of nationality. Military units have a 50 chance of surviving a nuclear attack. In addition to the loss ofunits, cities, and improvements, all land terrain squares adjacent to the impact square become polluted.
One cost of heedless industrial growth is a gradual polluting and poisoning of the environment. Of the many dangers posed by pollution, the greatest may be global warming. An unchecked rise in the planet's atmospheric temperature threatens catastrophic geographic changes including melting polar ice caps, rising sea levels, and parched farmlands. As you steer your civilization into the industrial age, manage your cities to minimize pollution and prevent global warming. Different kinds of poisoning may occur when nuclear weapons are used or a nuclear reactor melts down. The extent of pollution throughout your civilization can be monitored by watching the pollution indicator, a small sun in the date window of the IBM DOS map display or the status window of the Windows and Macintosh versions. The color of the sun indicates the extent of the risk of global warming. The colors range from dark red, to light red, to yellow, to white. Light red indicates a low risk and white indicates a very...
Close Combat III The Russian Front transports you to the squad-level war in the eastern arena of World War II. Your men in the trenches respond like real soldiers they react authentically to the stress of combat and are affected by their fatigue level, ability, physical and mental condition, and other factors. The game adds a role-playing element by making you the commander of a fire brigade a special company of elite troops moving among hot spots on the Eastern Front. You are responsible for keeping your men alive and for advancing your own rank, which, in turn, increases the size and quality of your forces. As the four years of conflict pass and both German and Russian technology improves, you can add new and better weapons to your arsenal. Russian troops firing at German planes near Leningrad. The soldier in the foreground is firing a Panfilov antitank rifle. A holdover from World War I, its high velocity, 14.5mm slug was unable to penetrate most mid- to late-war tank armor.
There are five different Ages in Empires Dawn of the Modern World Medieval Age, Gunpowder Age, Imperial Age, World War I and World War II. You advance from one Age to the next by expending a quantity of resources to research the scientific and social fundamentals that are necessary for life in the new Age. A special Research button In your Town Centre allows you to make the advancement. Once research Is complete, new units, unit upgrades and technologies become available to you. Some civilizations rose to world power status by the 20th Century. When you choose to advance from the Imperial Age to World War I, you have the opportunity to select one of these world powers to control for the remainder of the game. (Your choice of a new civilization varies depending on which Civilization you led in the previous Ages.) You keep all the units, buildings and technologies you have accumulated so far and will gain access to those that are available to the new civilization.
The interactive cockpit allows the player to control various aircraft devices and engine settings, such as those mentioned above under advanced engine controls. It also gives you the experience of controlling an actual World War Two aircraft in an authentic manner. The interactive cockpit will only work if the Engine Management option is set to Manual in the flight preferences.
Battle outcome throughout history has been as dependent on the human factor as much as the hardware factor, particularly when less-advanced technological factors were involved. While the troops in World War II had things like the USO available, Empire II includes no dancing girls or Bob Hope.
Used extensively through the armies of the British Commonwealth from 1939 to 1945, the Webley Mk 4 revolver was a simple, no-frills combat revolver. Firing a smaller 0.38-inch round than the World War I-era Webley 0.455-inch pistol, the Mk 4 was lighter and easier to fire and required less training and practice to use. The Mk 4 is so popular it remains in service in various parts of the world to this day.
You choose the scenario you want to play using the Command screen. Close Combat III has built-in battles, operations, and campaigns that are based on actual World War II scenarios. Or you can create custom scenarios (see Chapter 5), and then go back to the Command screen to start your custom game. You can also play saved games you can start an operation one day, save it, and then pick up where you left off at another time. Although they do not present a full picture of the fighting on the Russian Front, the casualty statistics help define the totality and scale of the fighting. By war's end, the Russians mobilize nearly 35 million men and women into military service. Total Russian military casualties in the war probably exceed 28 million nearly 9 million killed, 15 million wounded, and over 4 million captured or missing. Civilian deaths probably exceed 15 million, which means over 25 million Russian soldiers and civilians died on the Russian Front. By comparison, total American combat...
Deep In the mountains of east Tennessee, Project Manhattan - the American program to build an atomic bomb - built an entire city in great secrecy. Here scientists built key components of the bombs that brought an end to the Second World War. Oak Ridge remained closed to the public until 1949, and its existence was only admitted In 1945.
Expecting Great Britain to surrender in the wake of the fall of France, Hitler urged Britain to make peace with Germany. Churchill refused even to consider it. Starting in August, hundreds of German planes swarmed across the English Channel almost daily from bases in occupied France, bombing Britain from end to end. Hermann Goering, World War I air ace and commander of the German Luftwaffe, had convinced Hitler they would drive the Royal Air Force (RAF) out of the skies. But the RAF destroyed German bombers at a crippling rate, and the Battle of Britain became one of the most important battles in the world's history. After September, Hitler never again considered invading Great Britain.
Bombers, too, have undergone many changes over the years. At first limited to short range missions, bombers developed into impressive strategic weapons capable of hitting targets far behind enemy lines. Additionally, indiscriminant carpet bombing gave way to surgical strikes where a target could be an individual building or vehicle. In World War II and afterwards, some bombers were fitted to carry nuclear weapons.
SP WAW offers three types of campaigns. One is a pregenerated campaign of linked scenarios, such as the Preparing the Way campaign. The second is the Long World War II campaign, which allows you to play one of six major combatants in a series of random scenarios between between 1939 and 1945. The third is the campaign generator, which allows you to play one of 27 possible combatants between 1931 and 1949.
The submarines that were used in the desperate battles above and below the waves of the Pacific included some which were the epitome of modern technology and design. Others that saw duty were older, slower, more cramped but contained crews whose bravery and dedication could not have been overmatched by mere technology. Despite the brutal lessons taught during World War I by the Kaiser's U-boat wolfpacks, the development of submarine technology held a position of secondary importance to that of the battleship, aircraft carrier and cruiser. Changes were in progress at the war's beginning, but both the Pacific command, SubPac, and the Asiatic fleet, still had antiquated S-class submarines.
The United States of America, founded and declared independent from Great Britain's colonial rule on the 4th of July 1 776, is one of the most influential and powerful countries in the world. With a long history of wars behind them, including World War II and the Vietnam War, the possibility of a full-scale war with the Soviet Union during the Cold War era was fearfully present for several decades. Possessing some of the most advanced and effective military hardware in the world, the USA is a tough opponent, both in international conflicts and on its home soil. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was formed in 1922 within the territory of the former Russian Empire, following the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the Russian Civil War of 1918 1921. After playing a key part in World War II and the defeat of Nazi Germany, the Cold War was harsh on the Soviet economy, as the Union was compelled to keep up the arms race against the USA. With an immense army and an impressive armada of...
The British developed and used the first armored track-propelled vehicles during World War I. The name tank arose in order to maintain secrecy the vehicles were assembled in pieces which were then shipped to the front in crates marked tanks. The first major tank assault came at the battle of Cambrai in 1917. Though the initial success of the British tank offensive was subsequently pushed back by the Germans, tanks had proved their worth and soon became a mainstay of modern warfare. Dedicated production facilities, however, were slow to develop. The United States, when it entered World War II in 1941, adapted its giant automobile manufacturing plants to tank production.
Japan would enjoy hundreds of years of peace and relative solitude until economic trouble led to increased contact with the western world. Japan quickly became both an industrial and military power After its defeat in World War II, Japan soon reestablished itself as an economic force.
Along Hadrian's wall, constructed in Northern Britain during the 2nd Century AD, the Romans built small forts at regular intervals to garrison the legions who were guarding the frontier from the barbarians to the north. In Medieval times, castles were the most advanced fortresses. So durably built were these castles that many still dot the landscape of Europe and elsewhere today. Military strongholds continued to play important roles in modern times. At the Battle of Verdun during the First World War, the Germans launched an offensive to capture several French Forts that controlled the region around the town of Verdun. Though the Germans were initially successful, the Allies eventually retook all the forts over a period of several months, resulting in a combined total of more than 600,000 casualties.
The places, persons, situations and events related In this game are a fantasy that Is freely Inspired by the Second World War, In which real and Imagined events have been combined. In no case should the events In this game be considered as a valid source of historical data.
Otto von Bismarck succeeded In unifying the German states Into a single Germany in 1871. The Franco-German War had established the German army as the most powerful on the continent. By the start of World War I In 1914, the army had only gotten stronger. The Treaty, among other things, called for a much reduced German military. The best soldiers and officers were retained. In 1933, the Nazis under Adolf Hitler seized power and began to rebuild the military from this core. The German war machine cut Its teeth in the Spanish Civil War (1936-39). Then, In September 1939, German forces invaded Poland, beginning World War II. Troops, tanks and planes swarmed over Europe using a blazing new tactic called blitzkrieg. Scientists and engineers developed unrivaled weapons like the King Tiger Tank and new technologies such as jet engines and even rockets that powered the V-2 ballistic missile. Once again, It took the united strength of the Allies to overcome Germany, which, at the height of Its...
World War I began in 1914 following the assassination of the Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary by a Serbian nationalist. An intricate system of treaties and alliances quickly plunged Europe into war. Germany, Austria-Hungary's ally, mobilised its forces hoping to knock France out of the fight before Russia could fully mobilise its army. But the Western Front bogged down into a stalemate and the war dragged on for four bloody years. At sea, the British navy was superior to the German surface fleet, so Germany relied heavily upon U-boats to sink warships and disrupt supply lines. When WWI ended in 1918, it had not settled the differences between the European nations. Moreover, the harsh terms imposed by the Treaty of Versailles became a rallying cry in Germany. The Second World War began in 1939 when Germany, now under the control of Adolph Hitler and the totalitarian National Socialists (Nazis), invaded Poland. Germany had begun to rearm itself in the 1930s, in violation of the...
Designer's Note Traveling from your home to the grocery store is easy. Traveling across a battlefield, into the teeth of enemy fire, is not. This was especially true in World War II, which marked a new type of warfare. Before 1939, most soldiers either marched on foot or rode horses into battle, while today many armies are fully mechanized. But mass-production of vehicles was relatively new at the time of the Second World War, which meant that some nations (particularly the U.S.) had plenty of vehicles for everyone, while others (such as the Germans and Russians) only had enough to fully equip a minority of divisions.
75mm Field Gun Howitzer This heading includes several weapons, such as the M1916, M1917, and M2A2 field guns and the M1 and M1A1 howitzers, the majority of which also served in World War I. The field guns fired a 6.1 to 6.8 kg high explosive round out to 12,000 to 14,000 meters. The howitzers projected their 6.8 kg shell out to 9,000 meters. The howitzers were the very lightest models, designed for transportation by horse and cart and use in the mountains, where their crews often manhandled guns into position. All of these guns were organised into batteries of three sections of three guns each. 105mm Howitzer The 105mm howitzers used by the American forces in World War II were generally designed shortly before the war and put into production only in 1939, and were therefore more modern than their smaller 75mm cousins. This includes the M2A1 howitzer as well as the M3 howitzer, which was designed as a lightweight gun for airborne units but was also adopted by the regular infantry in...
This book is designed as both a historical reference for the armored warfare enthusiasts among us, and as a primer for the novice. The history and development of the tank, covered in the first chapter, is provided in order to give some background on the state of armored vehicle technology in World War II. The second chapter gives much more specific information on the current technologies and how they were used in combat. Chapter three covers the tactics associated with armored fighting vehicles in different roles and against different types of targets. Chapter four is a supplement to the overall historical guide, detailing the historical campaigns included with the game (for in-depth data on the specific scenarios, see the Gameplay Manual, chapter seven). Reference data for all of the units in Panzer Elite is provided in chapters five and six. Finally, a glossary of armored vehicle terminology and abbreviations is given in chapter seven. Before you begin play, we recommend that you...
By the end of World War II, most of the major combatants had come to realise the importance of the principle of combined arms. Every class of unit had a task it excelled at, and often required the support of another class of unit to prevail, or even survive. In PANZER GENERAL III SCORCHED Earth, there is no perfect mix of units. What works best depends on how your units, leaders and equipment function within the tactics and strategy that you have chosen. It is difficult to go very wrong by adhering to the combined arms principle, however. Successful combined arms use involves using the right tool and leader for the task. Probe a position with a Recon unit to get an idea of what you are facing, and where the enemy is deployed. Use Artillery and Bombers to soften up the position before it is assaulted, and keep a reserve to exploit a breakthrough, or hold on to a hard won position in the face of an enemy counterattack The following Unit Class descriptions should help you become a...
During World War I, aircraft used fixed pitch wooden propellers. These were easy to manufacture, as they contained no moving parts, but were only truly efficient under one set of flying conditions. The propellers would typically be designed with a blade angle which gave them the best efficiency in the cruise condition. This made for good fuel economy and high speed when cruising but meant that during take-off and climb, the propeller and engine were not working at their optimum efficiency. In order to improve this deficiency, propellers were developed in which the angle of the blades could be changed in the air. This means that the pilot can set the propeller blades to an angle suitable for take-off, thereby leaving the ground in as short a distance as possible. Once in the air, he can reset the propeller blades to an angle suitable for cruising. The following types of propellers were fitted to the aircraft used in the Battle of Britain. All early Spitfires and Hurricanes were fitted...
The First Tanks The tank was created during World War I (1914-1918) to help break the deadlock of trench warfare. That war proved that infantry could not assault strongpoints defended by machine-guns and supported by artillery, even if the attacker had his own machine-guns and artillery. This was because defenders in trenches and foxholes were fairly immune to fire, while attackers trying to crawl or run were cut down by thousands of bullets and shrapnel fragments.
The use of cavalry continued, with modifications, right through to the early 20th Century. As mechanisation ensued during and after World War I, cavalry disappeared from the battlefield. But horses still hold a place of honour and respect in military circles to this day.
High-level communication between nations is a useful tool. Skillful German diplomatic efforts just prior to the First World War set the stage for a secret treaty with the Ottoman Empire (now Turkey). The treaty pledged that the Ottoman Turks would join the war on Germany's side should Germany, by its obligations to Austria-Hungary, be forced into a war with Russia. The Turks were looking for allies against Russia, so both sides benefited by the agreement. When Germany followed Austria-Hungary and declared war against Russia in August 1914, the Ottoman Empire entered the war as well.
Like the modern battlefield it simulates, Steel Panthers II Modern Battles requires a fairly complex combination of skills. Mastering the topics covered in the following tutorial should give you a good idea of how to successfully command the combined arms forces that make up the annies that have evolved since World War II.
Historians still debate whether this tank actually saw combat during World War II. First seen by the Western observers at the May Day parade in Moscow in 1945, it was the best heavy tank anywhere at the end of the war. Faster and more maneuverable than any other heavy tank, its armor could stop all but the heaviest German guns. The high-velocity 122mgun was more than a match for any German tank, although it took longer to reload than many other tank guns.
The armor tactics of World War II were developed between the wars, primarily in Germany. These tactics were innovative in concept, considering the armor branch a weapon of decision and breakthrough. The majority of other nations distributed slow and heavily armored tanks among and in support of the poor bloody infantry. The Germans concentrated their light, fast tank forces together, in an effort to smash the enemy at one decisive point. Combined with superior training and excellent co-operation between the tanks and the supporting air and artillery forces, this technique of Blitzkrieg was soon proven to be sound. The German tactics were tested in Spain during their Civil War, and victory gave food for thought to the opposition there, which included both American and Soviet volunteers. As other nations recognized the advantages to these tactics and slowly began their modernization programs, the Germans swiftly invaded Poland, France, and the Low Countries, then turned around and swept...
As soon as the Wright Brothers had solved the riddle of powered flight in 1903, airplanes captured the public's imagination. Few, however, foresaw the impact airplanes would have on the world. Even the military took a while to understand the potential of the airplane, only beginning to show an interest in air power just prior to WWI. Yet it was this interest that ultimately spurred many of the designs and technological improvements that were to come. Planes were made to fly faster, higher, and stay aloft longer, and the safety of flying improved as well. Fighters and bombers emerged as distinct categories of military aircraft, each containing a multitude of role-specific variants. Following World War Two, helicopters joined airplanes in the arsenals of many nations.
Between the World Wars, the French constructed the impressive Maginot Line along the German border from Switzerland to Belgium. This massive fortification was a modern marvel, impervious to a frontal assault. When the Second World War began, the German High Command was forced to send troops through neutral Belgium to avoid the Line.
World War I At the outbreak of World War I, the submarine was still very much in its infancy. Without a doubt, the most formidable submarines of World War I were the German Unterseeboote (undersea boats), known to the Allies as 'U-boats'. It should be noted that U-boats started to make their presence felt by targeting Britain's food supply. The British fishing fleet was attacked in the North Sea, but it was in the Atlantic that the U-boats did most damage. The convoys carrying supplies from America to Britain soon started to suffer heavy losses. One of the most tragic events of World War I was the sinking of the British passenger liner Lusitania by a The crew of a World War 1 Royal Navy submarine preparing to dive. The conditions for the crews of World War I submarines were primitive when compared to the surface ships. The lack of proper ventilation led to a build-up of condensation which not only made food Post-World War I By the end of World War I, the submarine had acquired a bad...
The Western Alliance initially viewed the Politburo's threats as a bluff and attempted to orchestrate an end to the crisis through diplomatic channels. However, despite the West's fevered rhetoric, the Soviet Union had already decided on a path from which there was no turning back. As the crisis wore on, the Warsaw Pact steadily increased its readiness level, compelling NATO to mobilize a defense along the borders of the Iron Curtain. Then in what seemed like an instant, World War III had begun.
In Commandos 2 Men of Courage, you have to successfully take your men through a series of missions inspired by events that took place during World War II. The missions have several different objectives, new challenges and many possible approaches that will depend on your tactic, skills and weapon dexterity. All the missions have at least one main objective rescue, espionage, assault or defend. Missions also include sub-objectives and clues that will take you closer to your goal. If you don't complete your objectives or if you lose some of your team, you will have to try again.
Mounted units perform in much the same way that infantry do. The most basic of these is the cavalry division, an obsolescent holdover that predates the First World War, but which was still used in some parts of the world. Not surprisingly, they tend to perform very poorly against most other units and have few advantages other than a more rapid rate of movement than foot soldiers. The majority of your mounted units will be infantry
Naval operations played a huge role in World War II. German U-boats nearly strangled Great Britain's lifeline to North America, while the Americans' aircraft carriers wrested control of the Pacific from the Imperial Japanese Navy. Equally important were the war's amphibious operations. From the Germans' invasion of Norway to the Allies landing in Normandy, the ability to place men and machines ashore - in the face of hostile fire - was critical to victory. Hearts of Iron does a good job of re-creating naval operations.
Metallurgical developments prior to World War II included the development of face-hardened armor. This involved taking a piece of ordinary homogeneous plate armor, and heating the front face to a higher hardness than that of plain steel (normally compounded with nickel) alone. Although it was possible to harden the entire thickness, it was soon discovered that this caused the armor to become brittle, and shattered when struck by a solid shot of the same diameter as the armor thickness. Face-hardening allowed for a harder, but more brittle, front face, which was backed up by a more pliable, easily worked softer plate. As the war progressed, tanks were outfitted with thicker and thicker plates of face-hardened armor. A sufficient thickness of face-hardened plate could also cause the solid shot of smaller guns to shatter on impact, leading to further experimentation in ammunition design. Most tanks are heavy, slow, and have tracks instead of wheels. Combined with the unusual controls and...
Designer's Note What can be seen can be destroyed. That old saying has been true ever since gunpowder was invented. Yet players accustomed to the one shot - one kill technology of today will have to get used to a different way of war. Fire control on Second World War tanks was relatively primitive, so that hitting a target with the first shot was difficult unless the range was point-blank.
Mahatma Gandhi (Indians) The father of Indian independence, he was a skilled politician and spiritual leader. His campaign of passive resistance wore down the British and after World War II he was an important part of the independence negotiations. He worked tirelessly for an end to the caste system in India and for peaceful co-existence between the two great religious groups of the nation, the Hindus and the Muslims. He was fatally shot by a Hindu fanatic while on a prayer vigil for peace. Stalin (Russians) A long-time Bolshevik, he emerged from the power struggle following Lenin's death as the new leader of the Soviet Union, contrary to Lenin's wishes. He quickly implemented plans for the forced collectivization of agriculture, rapid industrialization, and a huge military buildup. These policies were made possible by a reign of state terror that led to millions of deaths. After repelling the Nazi invasion of World War II, which killed 20 million more Russians, Stalin was able to...
STEEL Panthers has been designed to allow you to learn the basic tactics of combined arms from the Second World War, as well as see how the increased production and availability of war materials had a direct effect on the outcome of the war. The following pages cover basic tactics which can be used by all the nations which entered the war. When the Second World War began in 1939, Germany was the aggressor. It was later joined by Italy in June, 1940, and Japan in December, 1941. Together they formed the major Axis nations, yet each had their strengths and weaknesses. Each nations general ability and tactics best suited for them are described below. Similar to the problems that the Italians suffered, the Japanese artillery is a mixed hodgepodge of guns (some from the First World War), a few recent designs, and even some designs as old as the early 1900s. The Japanese had virtually no self-propelled artillery, as most of their guns were horse-drawn or towed by trucks. The Japanese rarely...
With activity heating up in the Central Pacific, more submarine operations were planned for that area. Skate departed Midway November 15,1943 to conduct her second patrol in the area to the north of Truk. She arrived on station a week later and commenced reconnaissance and a search for targets. It was during this patrol that Skate began to earn her reputation as the Big Game Hunter of World War II. A number of distant ship contacts were made off the north entrance to the atoll, but could not be approached close enough to permit an attack until mid-morning of the 30th. While patrolling on the surface, a task group was detected. Course was changed to intercept what was soon identified as a converted aircraft carrier escorted by two destroyers with heavy air cover. Two additional destroyers and two large carriers were soon seen to be following the first carrier. When the range to the large carriers had closed to about 9,000 yards, Skate submerged and headed in for a bow shot. Coming to...
My first duty at Bullfrog was to enter the finishing touches to design levels for Cyber Assault. I worked on Project W which later turned into PowerMonger and was responsible for level design and some of the game design. Next was the World War I data disk and the massive Populous II.
Utilized by both sides in the Second World War. Most of these were restricted to use as siege weapons and were not often seen, or luckily, felt, on the open battlefield in support of troops, due to their cumbersome size and nature. The 'Karl' series of heavy mortar is an excellent example. Field and infantry guns are the medium to large-caliber (usually 75mm - 150mm) and medium to long-range artillery normally assigned to support companies and battalions, with infantry guns being especially light and mobile. While not as powerful as howitzers, they are more likely to be made available to the lower-echelon commander. Howitzers are large-caliber (100mm 200mm), long-range guns generally used to support the regiment or brigade in the attack or defense. While their power makes them desirable, their distance from the front means fire missions take longer to prepare and execute.
The elimination of all other civilizations in the world is very had to accomplish, except by very experienced players or by playing at low levels of difficulty. You are much more likely to win by being in existence when colonists reach Alpha Centauri. Even if the colonists are not yours, the successful direction of your civilization through the centuries is an achievement. You have survived coundess was, the pollution of the industrial age, and the risks of nuclear weapons.
If there is any danger of global warming, the environment indicator graphically represents the extent of this risk. With the first case of pollution, the sun icon appears, at its lowest setting. If pollution continues, the sun changes to indicate the progress of pollution. If pollution is not brought under control when the indicator is at its highest, the planet suffers a bout of global warming, then the indicator reverts to a setting that reflects the new equilibrium. pollution and environmental problems can also be caused by nuclear reactor meltdowns and fallout from nuclear weapons. For more information on pollution and global warming, see Planetary Caretaking.
After the Korhal incident, full-scale nuclear weapons were banned from use on habitable worlds, but smaller tactical nuclear weapons are still used by Confederate forces. Build Nuke. The somewhat dangerous Nuclear Silo can produce and house a single tactical nuclear warhead. To prevent outside tampering with the missile guidance commands, a Ghost agent is required to actually direct the missile to its tatgSt.
Nukes This lists the number of nuclear weapons you currently own. You must research nukes before you may produce them. Once nukes are researched and produced, they may be loaded on strategic bombers, rockets, and flying bombs. Click on the Division Sub-menu then click the atomic icon in the top-right of the menu. To access the Division Sub-menu click on the Air Flotilla, and then click the unit you wish to load the nuke on. Nuclear Research Research that leads to the development of nuclear weapons. Includes Isotope Separation Process and Fission Bomb (ouch ). Naval Research This research focuses on the navy and methods of enhancing its performance. Ruling the seas starts here. Emphasizes surface vessel research. Submarine Research Obviously, this is where you study submarines and their deployment. Research topics include Mini-Subs and Steel Periscope. In the final analysis, Hearts of Iron is a game of conquest. In fact, it's a game of global conquest. The globe has never been...
Borders very quickly, and soon possessed all remaining inhabitable areas. But two powerful empires can rarely live in harmony. Soon the ED army invaded the UCS territories. Thus began another horrendous war. During eight years of continuous conflict, the retreating ED army, desperate after suffering a series of battlefield defeats, attempted to turn the tide with nuclear weapons. A barrage was launched against UCS positions near the North Pole. The explosions unleashed were so violent that the Earth's orbital motion was affected. This was first noticed in 2150 by UCS scientists and the almost-forgotten colonists on the Moon. Soon, the information also reached ED headquarters. The scientists' calculations became cause for serious alarm. The distance between the Earth and the Sun would shrink by nearly 17 over the next few years. The implications became clear, even to the thick-headed ED commanders the Earth and the Moon are headed for a terrible cosmic disaster.
The plant is run by a terrorist organization out for profit alone. Their facilities are buried deep under the ice, impervious to satellite analysis. We do know that the plant has been selling chemical weapons to Iraq for some time. However, the highest bidder for the nuclear weapon is now Cuba.
The strength of China lay in her people. As the most populous country on earth, it was only a matter of directing and focusing that resource to achieve spectacular results. In 1949, China was largely and agrarian society, but modernisation came relatively quickly for a country of China's size. China tested its first nuclear weapon in 1964. Beginning in the 1990s -especially with the return of Hong Kong to China by Great Britain in 1997 - high-tech industries began to spring up at a rapid pace. By the 2020s, China's overall level of technology had met or exceeded those of most Western nations. With the exception of some rural regions in western China, the country was as modern as any in the world.
In Commandos, you will lead your men through a series of realistic missions that are freely Inspired by the various fronts where the allied commandos participated during the Second World War. There are twenty missions of Increasing difficulty, divided Into four campaigns
If your enemy possesses nuclear weapons, you may try to destroy one by ordering your spies to make a nuclear sabotage attempt. If you succeed, a random nuclear weapon will be destroyed, though this won't cause it to detonate in its current location. Note that this does not target nuclear test facilities, and the option will be greyed out if there is no weapon to sabotage. Failure will result in the execution of one of your spies, and detection will have a serious impact on your relations with that nation.
Down through the ages artillery has fascinated military professionals and civilians alike Boom Boom The big nine pounders go Gilbert and Sullivan, HMS Pinafore . Josef Stalin is supposed to have said something along the lines of Artillery is the God of war , though in view of artillery usage during World War One on a scale unknown before and since, it is difficult to classify Stalin's comment as original.
As I said in the introduction, Hearts of Iron 2 is a game of considerable complexity. It is vital to understand that virtually every aspect of the game is interconnected. It can and will take time to learn how each of the game elements interacts with each other, and to gain a comfortable degree of control over the nation you are playing. The goal of this section is to give you a broad overview of HoI2's major components and key concepts before moving on to the subsequent sections that detail each feature and interface in turn. Fighting the Second World War - indeed, almost every war in history - was not purely a matter of pitting man against man on the field of battle, nor is HoI2 merely a large digital battlefield. Simply fielding a larger army than your enemy will not ensure victory, and neglecting your economy, the so-called engine of war , can imperil your chances for survival. It is vital, then, to ensure that your nation has the necessary economic infrastructure and political...
DeSilva was originally a family firm established in 1912 just prior to the first world war employing only six staff members. It is now the largest car firm in Europe and outsell the English and German firms by almost 2 to 1 the French company L'Auto Ariel is their closest rival. DeSilva is famed throughout the world for its knack of predicting forthcoming trends in the motor industry, specifically in racing cars, where its ideas are virtually plagiarized once a year by the other seven major companies.
This was subaltern (2nd Lieutenant) David Stirling. Only 26, he came from a long line of Scottish warrior aristocrats the battle of Bannockburn had been fought near his ancestral home, Stirling Castle. Before the outbreak of World War II, the 6-foot 5-inch Stirling had been training for an assault on Mt. Everest. Now he'd come to Africa to help fight the Germans but he'd run into an unanticipated delay. It also didn't hurt that the Royal Army in general and its Middle Eastern and North African units in particular had a soft spot for small, individualistic units under the command of colorful, charismatic officers. The year before, an officer experienced in desert travel and navigation, Major Ralph Bagnold, had formed the Jeep-borne Long Range Desert Group (LRDG) another Major, Russian migr Vladimir Peniakoff, had spent years among the desert Arabs between the wars and was currently spying in Libya with a handful of picked men. (He would go on to form a highly effective intelligence and...
Epoch World War I Type Strategist After the war DeVerran retired to his native Normandy, but in World War II, at the age of 68, he joined the French Resistance. Though older and less physically active, his mind was still sharp and he organised no fewer than a dozen successful raids against German encampments and supply depots. Givan DeVerran was killed by machine gun fire on the afternoon of June 6, 1944, while personally guiding US troops off Omaha beach.
In World War II, infantry teams heavily supported most flamethrower teams you'll find this a successful tactic. Try to pin the enemy down with rifle, machine gun, and mortar fire while your flamethrower team moves into position. Flamethrowers can also be devastating when employed in close-quarters fighting (whether you're attacking or defending) or in an ambush. They can destroy any kind of team from the lightest infantry to the heaviest tanks.
Alive after the Fall Review Official Download Link
Free version of Alive after the Fall Review can not be found on the internet. And you can safely download your risk free copy of Alive after the Fall Review from the special discount link below.